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Unravelling the Windlass Mechanism: A Key to Understanding Plantar Fasciitis

Understanding the role of the windlass mechanism in plantar fasciitis empowers remedial and manual therapists to design effective treatment strategies.


Plantar fasciitis is a prevalent condition characterised by heel pain, affecting a significant portion of the population. Among the various factors contributing to its development, the windlass mechanism has gained recognition as a crucial aspect to comprehend. As remedial and manual therapists, understanding the intricacies of this mechanism can enhance our ability to address plantar fasciitis effectively. In this blog post, we will delve into the details of the windlass mechanism and its significance in the context of plantar fasciitis.

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The Anatomy

To comprehend the windlass mechanism, we must first examine the key anatomical structures involved. The plantar fascia originates from the medial tubercle of the calcaneus (heel bone) and extends towards the base of the toes. It consists of three distinct regions: the medial, central, and lateral bands. These bands contribute to dynamic arch support, shock absorption, and propulsion during locomotion.

The Windlass Mechanism: Unveiling the Concept

The windlass mechanism is a biomechanical phenomenon that plays a pivotal role in the mechanics of the foot during walking and running. It involves the tightening of the plantar fascia—a thick band of connective tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot—resulting in a rigid lever that propels the body forward.

During the gait cycle, the windlass mechanism is activated when the foot is in the push-off phase (toe-off phase). As the heel lifts off the ground, the toes extend, and the plantar fascia undergoes tension. This tension causes the arch to elevate, creating a rigid structure that enables the efficient transfer of forces from the foot to the lower leg.

Recent studies have shed light on the connection between the windlass mechanism and plantar fasciitis. Researchers have found that abnormalities in the function of the windlass mechanism, such as decreased arch height or altered foot mechanics, can contribute to the development and progression of plantar fasciitis.


The windlass mechanism serves as a fundamental concept in understanding the mechanics of plantar fasciitis. By unravelling this mechanism, remedial and manual therapists can devise comprehensive treatment plans tailored to the specific needs of their patients. Incorporating manual therapy techniques, prescribing suitable footwear and orthotics, implementing strengthening exercises, and conducting biomechanical assessments are vital components in the management of plantar fasciitis. By applying this knowledge, therapists can optimize outcomes and provide effective relief for individuals suffering from plantar fasciitis.



Disclaimer: This blog post is intended for educational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice.

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